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Anticipation and Response

ADAPTATION is defined as the process of adjusting to expected or actual climate change and climate change effects, like building sea walls, or changing farming practices. 


In this section of the climate justice syllabus, learn about the basic goals of adaptation through the lens of climate justice, the need for effective financial institutions, and why ethics and equity are so important in adaptation conversations. 


Facing Climate Change Through Justice and Intersectionality


This short article by explains why intersectionality is an important aspect to concepts of adaptation and mitigation. Though it is geared towards civil society organizations, the ideas presented in the article are applicable to all.

Tags: Intersectionality, adaptation

Climate Justice Brief on Adaptation

By: Multiple civil society organizations

This brief describes why “developed countries must fulfill their commitment to compensate poor countries and communities for the costs of adapting to climate change, and repay their climate debts.” The authors describe the impacts of climate change on poor countries and people, and the responsibility of rich countries and corporations to compensate for their impacts. They also express the need for effective institutions to ensure adaptation is met.

Tags: Adaptation, climate debt, historic responsibility

The Time is NOW - Lessons From Farmers Adapting to Climate Change

By: ActionAid International

This paper by ActionAid presents 5 adaptation case studies from Bangladesh, Brazil, Ghana, Malawi, and Vietnam. The paper describes the importance of sustainable agriculture, the right to food, and empowering communities and women to ensure access and control over food and natural resources.


National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) for Developing Countries

By: Various developing nations (Some available in Spanish, French, Portugese)

Scroll through this UN webpage to learn more about the National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) of developing countries. Though these plans are hundreds of pages long, reading their introductions and main points is an effective way to get an idea of how NAPs are structured.

History and Politics of Climate Change Adaptation at the UNFCCC

By: Harjeet Singh and Indrajit Bose of South Centre
Research Paper

“This research paper provides a perspective on how climate change adaptation has progressed in the multilateral space, under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It describes adaptation and financial institutions under the climate regime and the current scope of their activities. The paper highlights the challenges that lie ahead, particularly around financing, for developing countries to adapt to a rapidly warming world and presents recommendations for the governments to accord higher priority to adaptation.”

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